Stalin was wrong! Artillery is no longer the King of War. Information technology has transformed the modern battlefield at sea, in the air and on land, and it is arguably the new King of War.
In April, the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) will help to demonstrate this as part of the Royal Navy-led Information Warrior exercise, which will feature more than 1,000 personnel, including regular and reserve forces, as well as the Navy’s surface, submarine and air fleet and the Royal Marines.
“Exploitation of information is a significant force multiplier. We must become more agile, developing the ability to make quicker decisions and operate at a faster tempo than our adversaries. We must: use information as a weapon in itself, to deliver effects with greater precision in both time and space; protect our information effectively; better integrate a comprehensive approach to planning; and exploit technology.”
— Admiral Ben Key, Fleet Commander Royal Navy
Information Warrior builds on the impressive success of last year’s Unmanned Warrior exercise, which saw more than 50 unmanned systems from different manufacturers integrated into naval command and control systems. Information Warrior will focus on how information can be used offensively and defensively to give the UK’s armed forces a battle winning advantage.
It will also be the first time the Royal Navy uses cyber operation and artificial intelligence (AI) in an exercise of this scale. Information Warrior will test the Royal Navy’s ability to defend itself against cyber threats, as well as conventional threats. The UK Ministry of Defence’s Defence Science and technology laboratory will help the RN ensure that its forces are secure and resilient to cyber threats, in accordance with the national cyber security strategy.
The risk of cyber attacks against our ships and submarines is as real a threat as traditional weapons such as rockets, missiles and torpedoes,” says the Royal Navy. “A lot of the combat systems, communications systems, power and propulsion control systems are run by computers, and a successful cyber attack on these would disable a ship rendering it ineffective.”
Information Warrior will have an intelligence exploitation theme, which the Royal Navy says will demonstrate that multiple intelligence sources, ranging from open source intelligence and satellite imagery, to agile search applications will enrich the intelligence picture and reduce the workload on the busy analyst. The improved quality and accuracy of the intelligence assessments will allow Command to make better informed decisions in shorter time periods.
Dstl’s support in this area includes the Adaptive Tactical Information eXploitation (ATIX) and Every Platform A Sensor (EPAS) projects. ATIX uses all the available data sources, applying data analytics, machine learning and statistics to improve the commanders’ understanding of complex situations.
This enables them to make more effective decisions. Currently, much of the data gathered by sensors is not used.EPAS will address this by extracting useful information on events, such as ship tracks, from every available source. This builds a comprehensive store of data that can be analysed in real time, or at a later date.
Dstl is working on smaller, more agile and user-friendly secure communications. This will enable new concepts of operations by delivering greater situational awareness. The Royal Marines will put this system to the test during the exercise to ensure that it allows their command to communicate effectively with troops on the ground.
Dstl’s Open Architecture Combat System (OACS) is another enabling technology, making it much easier for new applications – developed by a wide range of providers - to be integrated into ships’ combat systems. OACS underpinned the success of Unmanned Warrior 16, and will be used during Information Warrior to allow artificial intelligence applications such as STARTLE to be deployed.
STARTLE uses AI-based reasoning to help operators analyse air movements to identify potential threats in seconds. Other Dstl projects will apply AI and Big Data to enhance the analysis of imagery from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to assess potential landing sites and routes to support landing forces.
Discussing Information Warrior, Dstl’s Chief Executive, Jonathan Lyle, said: “Information has transformed the face of conflict. Dstl is excited to be part of the Royal Navy’s Information Warrior exercise – in which our scientists will be demonstrating and testing some of the latest innovations in cyber, information systems, Big Data and artificial intelligence research.”